Category Archives: Caliphs

Mathematical Solutions by iman Ali a.s.(Cousin of prophet Muhammad(PBUH)

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One day a person came to imam Ali a.s., thinking that since ‘Ali a.s.thinks he is too smart, I’ll ask him such a tough question that he won’t be able to answer it and I’ll have the chance to embarrass him in front of all the Arabs.’

He asked Ali a.s., “Tell me a number, that if we divide it by any number from 1-10 the answer will always come in the form of a whole number and not as a fraction.”

Hazrat Ali A.S. looked back at him and said, “Take the number of days in a year and multiply it with the number of days in a week and you will have your answer.”

The person got astonished but as he was a Mushrik he still didn’t believe Ali a.s. He calculated the answer Ali a.s. gave him. To his amazement he came across the following results:
The number of Days in a Year = 360 (in Arabic Calendar)

The Number of Days in a Week = 7

The product of the two numbers = 2520

2520 divided by 1 = 2520

2520 divided by 2 = 1260

2520 divided by 3 = 840

2520 divided by 4 = 630

2520 divided by 5 = 504

2520 divided by 6 = 420

2520 divided by 7 = 360

2520 divided by 8 = 315

2520 divided by 9 = 280

2520 divided by 10= 252

ANOTHER QISWA

One day a person came to Ali a.s. He was planning to ask Ali a.s. such a question which would take Ali a.s. a long time to answer and because of that, his Maghrib Prayers would be delayed.

He asked Ali a.s. “You say you know everything in the world, then tell me which animals lay eggs and which animals give birth to their young ones.”

Hazrat Ali a.s. looked at him, smiled and said, “The animals who have their ‘EARS’ outside their body give birth to their young ones; and the animals who have their ‘EARS’ inside their body lay eggs.”

ANOTHER EXAMPLE

A person was about to die, and before dying he wrote his Will which went as follows…
“I have 17 Camels, and I have three sons. Divide my Camels in such a way that My eldest son gets half of them, the second one gets 1/3rd of the total and my youngest son gets 1/9th of the total number of Camels”

After his death when the relatives read his will they got extremely perplexed and said to each other that how can we divide 17 camels like this?

So, after a long hard thought, they decided that there was only one man in Arabia who could help them: “Ali Ibne Abi Taalib.” They all went to the door of Ali a.s. and put forward their problem!

Hazrat Ali a.s. said, “Ok. I will divide the camels as per the mans’ will.”

He said, “I will lend one of my camels to the total which makes it 18 (17+1=18), now lets divide as per his will.

The Eldest gets 1/2 of 18 = 9
The second one gets 1/3 of 18 = 6
and the Youngest gets 1/9 of 18 = 2
Now the total number of camels = 17”

Then Hazrat Ali a.s. said, “Now I will take my Camel back.”

This was the genius that Hazrat Ali a.s. was in his time! 7th century a.d.

LESSON: The next Mufti should be someone educated in deen and secular education, atleast with a degree in something other than just Sharia & Hadith

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Caliph Abu Bakr: His Bravery

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‘Ali said: ‘Tell me who is the bravest of men?’ They said, ‘You.’ He said, ‘As for me, I never encountered anyone but that I took my due from him, but tell me who is the bravest of men?’ They said , ‘We don’t know. Who is it?’ He said, ‘Abu Bakr. On the Day of Badr we made a shelter from the sun for the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and then we said, “Who will be with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, so that none of the idolaters may fall upon him?” By Allah, none of us drew near except for Abu Bakr who brandished a sword over the head of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. No one fell upon him but that he in turn fell upon him. So he is the bravest of men.’

‘Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, said: I saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and Quraysh grabbed him. One held him and another threw him down and they were saying, ‘Are you the one who has made the gods into one god?’ By Allah, none of us approached except Abu Bakr, striking this one and restraining that one, and throwing down another saying, ‘Woe to you! Will you kill a man because he says, “My Lord is Allah?”‘ Then ‘Ali raised a cloak which he was wearing and wept until his beard was wet and said, ‘I adjure you by Allah! Is the believer of the people of Fir’awn better or Abu Bakr?’ People were silent. He said, ‘Will you not answer? By Allah, an hour of Abu Bakr is better than a thousand hours of the like of the believer of the people of Fir’awn. He was a man who concealed his iman, and this was a man who was open about his iman.’

‘Urwah ibn az-Zubayr said: I asked ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-’As about the worst thing that the idolaters did to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. He said, ‘I saw ‘Uqbah ibn Abi Mu’ayt who came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, while he was praying, and he placed his cloak about his neck and seriously tried to throttle him. Then Abu Bakr came and defended him and said, “Would you kill a man because he says, ‘My Lord is Allah,’ and he has come to you with clear signs from your Lord?”‘

Abu Bakr said: ‘On the Day of Uhud everyone fled from the Messenger of Allah, and I was the first to return.’ The rest of the hadith is in the Musnad which al-Haytham ibn Kulayb narrated.

‘A’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, said: When the companions of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, gathered, and they were thirty-eight men, Abu Bakr pressed upon the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, to be open and public. He said, ‘Abu Bakr, we are few.’ Abu Bakr wouldn’t stop urging the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, until the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made things public. The Muslims went into every of the Mosque (of Makkah), every man among his own kinsfolk, and Abu Bakr stood up among the people addressing them, so that he was the first public speaker to invite people to Allah and His Messenger. The idolaters leapt upon Abu Bakr and the Muslims, and they beat them, in every corner of the Mosque, very severely.

‘Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, said: When Abu Bakr accepted Islam, he was open about his Islam and he invited people to Allah and to His Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

  • Transcribed from: Tarikh al-Khulafa‘ (The History of the Khulafa) | Jalal ad-Din as-Suyuti